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The Halcyon Days

Halcyon is a name for a bird of Greek legend which is commonly associated with the kingfisher. The phrase comes from the ancient belief that fourteen days of calm weather were to be expected around the winter solstice – usually 21st or 22nd of December in the Northern Hemisphere, as that was when the halcyon calmed the surface of the sea in order to brood her eggs on a floating nest. The Halcyon days are generally regarded as beginning on the 14th or 15th of December.

Halcyon means calm and tranquil, or ‘happy or carefree’. It is rarely used now apart from in the expression halcyon days. The name of the legendary bird was actually alcyon, the ‘h’ was added in regard to the supposed association with the sea (‘hals’ in Greek).

The source of the belief in the bird’s power to calm the sea originated in a myth recorded by Ovid. The story goes that Aeolus, the ruler of the winds, had a daughter named Alcyone, who was married to Ceyx, the king of Thessaly. Ceyx was drowned at sea and Alcyone threw herself into the sea in grief. Instead of drowning, she was carried to her husband by the wind. The rest of the story is, in a translation of Ovid:

The Gods their shapes to winter-birds translate,
But both obnoxious to their former fate.
Their conjugal affection still is ty’d,
And still the mournful race is multiply’d:
They bill, they tread; Alcyone compress’d,
Sev’n days sits brooding on her floating nest:
A wintry queen: her sire at length is kind,
Calms ev’ry storm, and hushes ev’ry wind;
Prepares his empire for his daughter’s ease,
And for his hatching nephews smooths the seas.

The legendary bird is usually identified with the kingfisher. That was also said to nest on the sea and was believed to be able to calm the sea for the seven days before and seven days after the winter solstice.

Our current use of halcyon days tends to be nostalgic and recalling of the seemingly endless sunny days of youth.

 – ripped from http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/168000.html

 

4 responses

  1. Luke

    Did you take that photo at the bottom?

    It goes amazingly well with “the seemingly endless sunny days of youth” line.

    Awesome.

    November 18, 2008 at 6:41 pm

  2. thebirthdayparty

    i sure did 🙂

    November 19, 2008 at 4:38 am

  3. I love your blog Ling. ‘d0pe’. x x x

    June 12, 2009 at 12:53 pm

  4. i loves your blog ling ling. i loves you.

    September 22, 2009 at 2:58 pm

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